Composition and description
Tramadol is a powerful psychoactive medication. The analgesic action appears 15-30 minutes after intake and lasts 6 hours. The medicine can be given alone or in conjunction with paracetamol. Tramadol is classified as a narcotic substance.
Because tramadol is such a powerful medication, it must be used exactly as prescribed. The doctor should decide on the length of treatment. Unauthorized drug use may have severe and life-threatening repercussions. You should avoid driving a vehicle and doing anything that demands a lot of attention while on Tramadol treatment.
Because tramadol is an opioid agonist, it may lead to both mental and physical dependency. This substance is classified as a narcotic by the International Convention. As a result, it is only available with a doctor’s prescription. Only if non-opioid medicines are ineffective are non-opioid painkillers given.
- The medication is used to treat severe and moderate pain syndromes. It alleviates symptoms caused by a variety of etymologies. Tramadol is most often used in the following therapeutic situations:
- significant pain as a consequence of an injury
- neuralgia with pain syndrome is a kind of neuralgia.
Tramadol has a number of contraindications.
- The following conditions are absolute contraindications:
- hypersensitivity to the drug’s components;
- breathing difficulty;
- poisoning from alcohol;
- proclivity towards the misuse of psychoactive substances;
- failure of the kidneys and liver
- phase of lactation;
- MAO inhibitors are used.
Patients with traumatic brain injury, excessive intracranial pressure, or epilepsy should exercise care while using the medication. Tramadol may only be given under the supervision of a doctor and in low dosages when under anaesthesia. Other narcotic analgesics cannot be used with this medication. It is not permitted to consume alcohol when taking Tramadol.
The medication comes in a variety of medical forms. Each one has its own set of entrance requirements. Patients above the age of 14 may be given drops for oral usage. A single dose of 20 drops is ideal. The drops must be swallowed with a beverage or sprinkled over sugar. The dosage must be repeated if the anticipated therapeutic effect does not emerge within an hour.
The dose for children aged 1 to 14 is determined based on their weight (12 mg of medication for 1 kg of body weight). Repeated receiving is only permitted after a period of 4-6 hours.
Tramadol in ampoules should not be used in excess of 0.4 g per day, according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Pain relief in cancer patients or a severe postoperative pain condition are the sole exceptions. The daily dosage in certain instances may be as high as 0.6 g.
Suppositories are one way to take the medication. Daily dose is 0.1 g for patients aged 14 years or over. An interval between the use of suppository should be from 4 to 6 hours.
Tramadol can be used for intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous injection. Standard dosage for injection for adults and teenagers aged 14 or older is 50−100 ml of the drug. If analgesia doesn’t occur an hour after the drug administration, re-introduction of 50 mg of solution is possible.
Pregnant women can’t take Tramadol for a long period. Otherwise, it can lead to withdrawal symptoms and addiction in fetus. If there is a need to use the drug during the lactation period, it should be taken into account that the substance can get into the breast milk in a small amount.